Bullock County, Alabama was created by the legislature, December 5, 1866, but at the same session, February 8, 1867, its boundaries were rearranged. Its territory was taken from Barbour, Macon, Montgomery and Pike counties. The county contains 610 square miles, or 390,400 acres.
It was named in honor of Col. Edward C. Bullock, of Barbour County, colonel of the 18th Alabama Infantry Regiment, C. S. A., who died later in the War.
Location and Physical Description
Bullock County lies in the southeastern section of Alabama, south of Macon and Montgomery counties, bounded on the east by Russell and Barbour, on the south by Barbour and Pike, and on the west by Pike and Montgomery counties. Chunnennuggee Ridge divides the county into two parts. This ridge is an important physiographic feature, forming the watershed of three river systems. It also separates the two main topographic divisions of the county, that Is, the “prairie region” or northern section, and the “sandy-lands region” to the south. North of the ridge is a belt of low hills and irregular ridges with a network of V-shaped valleys and wet weather streams. This is locally known as the “hill-prairie” country. The true prairie lies to the south, and its typical development from Union Springs northwestward to the Montgomery county line is one of low relief. The elevations along the Central of Georgia Railway vary from 260 to about 530 feet above sea level. High Ridge in the southwest section is apparently the highest point, and the place where Line Creek leaves the county is probably the lowest. The drainage is mainly through the several cracks forming the head waters of the Conecuh and Pea rivers, and several bold streams flowing northward through Macon County into the Tallapoosa River. The headwaters of Cowikee Creek are also in this county. The first and second bottoms comprise soils of alluvial origin. Thirty-two soil types, representing 17 different series, with the miscellaneous classification meadow, are found in the county. These soils cover a wide range and are all capable of a widely diversified agriculture. The forest growth consists of longleaf pine and short leaf pine, spruce, hickory, the several species of oak, cedar, gum, maple, birch, willow, magnolia and dogwood. The mean anuual temperature is about 65° F. The winters are mild, with occasional frosts, and snow flurries. The average annual precipitation is about 54 inches.
Settlement and Later History
The early history of the county is identified with that of the counties from which it was formed. Settlement followed the final Creek cession of 1832. An excellent citizenship filled its rich lands, coming from other states as well as from adjacent counties. Handsome homes were located on the plantations and in the nearby villages.
In January, 1837, the Creek Indians then being removed from the country, committed some depredations, which brought about an engagement between them and the whites, about three miles west of Midway, then in Barbour, but now in this county. One white man, Walter Patterson, was killed, and Judge W. R. Cowan lost his left arm. A few others were slightly wounded, and several horses were killed. General William Wellborn was in command. It is not known that any Indians were killed.
Barbiere’s Cavalry Battalion, Local Defense Troops
Major Joseph Barbiere’s Cavalry Battalion was organized in 1864 from several independent companies, which had themselves been created as supporting forces for the Conscript Reserves. The battalion served principally in central Alabama during the fall and winter, 1864-1865 as local defense troops.
Bullock County Alabama Genealogy
- Bullock County AL Addresses
- Bullock County AL Bible Records
- Bullock County AL Biographies
- Bullock County AL Cemeteries
- Bullock County AL Census Records
- Bullock County AL Homepages
- Bullock County AL Indians
- Bullock County AL Maps
- Bullock County AL Marriage Records
- Bullock County AL Military Records
- Bullock County AL Newspapers
- Bullock County AL Obituaries
- Bullock County AL Surnames
This site is a county site for Alabama GenWeb, a state organization of USGenWeb. GenWeb is a group of volunteers working together to provide free genealogy websites for genealogical research in every county and every state of the United States. You have apparently stumbled upon my contribution to this effort. My name is Dennis Partridge, and I am the ALGenWeb county coordinator (cc) for Bullock County, Alabama.
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