Autauga County, Alabama Genealogy


 

Autauga was established by an act of the territorial legislature, passed November 21,1818, and lies in the centre of the State. The territory was taken from Montgomery county. Its name is derived from the large creek which flows through its center, and is said to signify "land of plenty" in the Indian tongue. It is bounded on the north by Baker, east by Elmore, south by Lowndes, and west by Dallas. It has an area of about 660 square miles.

The wealth of the county is assessed at $1,867,040, as follows: real estate $1,403,300; personal property $463,740. The improved farm lands in 1870 amounted to 92,012 acres, the unimproved to 146,686 acres; their cash value was $1,122,059, and the estimated value of the farm productions for 1869 was $995,114. The live stock were valued at $369,056, and consisted of. 897 horses, 1,174 mules, 6,491 neat cattle, 1,677 sheep, and 7,185 hogs. The productions were 191,158 bushels of Indian corn, 909 bushels of wheat, 5,568 bushels of oats, 38,814 bushels of potatoes, 1,060 pounds of rice, 25,542 pounds of butter, 7,965 bales (The census estimate is for a 400 lb. bale.) of cotton, 2,060 pounds of wool; while the value of animals slaughtered was $32,531.

The population of Autauga since it was formed has been as follows-the large decrease since 1860 being attributable to the loss of territory set apart to Elmore and Baker

		1820	1830	1840	1850	1860	1870
Whites		2203	5867	6217	6274	7105	4329
Blacks		1650	6007	8125	8749	9634	7292

The commercial facilities are the Alabama river, whose sinuous course waters its southern boundary, and is navigable the greater portion of the year; seven miles of the railway from Selma to Rome, and thirteen miles of the railway from Montgomery to Decatur. A branch railway is in process of construction to connect Prattville with the latter road.

The lands of the county are generally light, with a clay subsoil, and capable of the highest degree of fertilization; but there are bottom and creek lands of great natural fertility.

PRATTVILLE, the seat of justice since 1868, is fourteen miles northwest of Montgomery. It was named for its founder, Hon. Daniel Pratt, and is a growing town of 1346 inhabitants, according to the census of 1870. It has two cotton factories, a gin manufactory, a flouring mill, &c.

Washington, the first seat of justice, was situated at the mouth: of Autauga creek, where stood the old Indian town of Autauga; and it went to decay when the courthouse was removed.

Kingston, to which place the courthouse was taken, is now a small village.

Autaugaville has about 500 inhabitants, and a cotton factory.

The pine forests of the county are valuable for lumber, and a number of mills are in operation. Iron ore is abundant, and gold and plumbago have been found. The water power is very superior.

The cotton factory in Prattville owned by Mr. Pratt has 5,000 spindles and 125 looms,. and works up 125 bales of cotton per month into sheeting, shirting, and osnaburgs. The Indian Hill factory, a mile distant, has 3,800 spindles and 70 looms, and works up 50 bales of cotton per month into sheeting and shirting. The establishment at Autaugaville has 2,088 spindles and 64 looms, and makes sheeting and shirting.

Autauga has but little eventful history. It was settled earlier than any of the counties around it. The commissioners appointed to select a site for the courthouse in 1819 were Robert Gaston, Zacheus Powell, Zachariah Pope, Alsey Pollard and Alexander R. Hutchinson. In 1866 a valuable portion of it was set apart to Elmore, and in 1868 another large portion was set apart to form Baker.

The only governor of Alabama Territory, and the first governor of the State, lived and died in this county.

Source: Alabama, her history, resources, war record, and public men: from 1540 to 1872, Brewer, Willis, Montgomery, Ala.: Barrett & Brown, 1872.


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